Bresil EcosolsIn Brazil Eco&Sols works closely with the University of Sao Paulo (USP) in Itatinga and with São Paulo State University (UNESP).

The 3 research themes of Eco&Sols are studied in permanent mixed and single species eucalyptus and acacia plantations.

In Itatinga, a eucalyptus plantation has been equipped with instruments to study the effect of water and potassium availability on primary production and resource use efficiency. Two permanent 17 m deep pits have been set up to monitor root dynamics (with observation windows and minirhizotron). Another experiment, also with a high level of instrumentation, has been set up to study the functioning of mixed plantations in a 2nd rotation of E. grandis - A. mangium, together with other sylvicultural trials on this aspect.

An eddy-covariance system close to the site continuously monitors water, carbon and energy exchanges between the plantations and the atmosphere.

The data from all the sites are used to parameterise and validate models of the plantation functioning, which are spatialised using soil maps and satellite images.

Research Projects

  • Eucflux (2008-2017) Etudes des flux des cycles de l’eau, du carbone et des éléments minéraux en plantations d’eucalyptus. Partners:  Brazil (USP, IPEF, ArcelorMittal, Cenibra, Copener, Duratex, Fibria, International Paper, Klabin
  • CNPq Universal (2014-2017) Impacto cambial climática em plantações de árvores: a resposta ao estresse de água de Eucalyptus grandis folha em interação com potássio contra a fertilização de sódio em experimento de campo. Partners: USP-Esalq, UMR Agap, Lrsv Toulouse, UMR Eco&Sols, USP-Esalq, UMR Agap
  • CAPES - COFECUB (2015-2018) Contraintes abiotiques sur le développement de l’eucalyptus au Brésil - conséquences sur la production ligneuse. Partners: UMR Amap, UMR Agap, UMR EcoS&Sols, UMR Amap /UPR BioWoodEb, USP-Esalq.
  • FAPESP (2017-2022) Serviços ambientas da biologia dos solos implicados na atenuação das mudanças climaticas e na eficiencia energeticas na agricultura. Partners: USP-Esalq, Embrapa Meio Ambiente, Embrapa Soja, Univers Fed Fronteira Sul (UFFS), UNIFEI, Fundação Mokiti Okada, UMR Eco&Sols, UNINA/Itália, ULisboa/Portugal, UCDavis/Estados Unidos, Corpoica/Colômbia
  • Projet FAPESP – Microsoft Research (2016-2019) Characterizing and predicting biomass production in sugarcane and eucalyptus plantations in Brazil (SEMP). Partners: UNICAMP-NIPE, UNICAMP-IC, EMBRAPA Computação, EMBRAPA Meio Ambiente, Univers Fed Minas Gerais (UFMG), UMR Eco&Sols.


  • USP/ESALQ (Piracicaba, São Paulo)
  • UNESP (Botucatu)
  • UNICAMP (Campinas)
  • IPEF « Instituto de Pesquisas e Estudos Florestais »
  • Embrapa (Rio, Sinop, Campinas: Maio Ambiente, Computação CNPTIA)
  • INPE (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais)
  • Entreprises forestières
  • Universités de Lorraine, Université Paris-Sud, Université de Bordeaux
  • Membres du SOERE F-ORE-T


Oliveira, J.d.C., Féret, J.-B., Ponzoni, F.J., Nouvellon, Y., Gastellu-Etchegorry, J.-P., Campoe, O.C., Stape, J.L., Rodriguez, L.C.E. & le Maire, G. 2017 Simulating the canopy reflectance of different Eucalypt genotypes with the DART 3D model. Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, in press.

Prudêncio de Araujo Pereira, A., Avelino Maia de Andrade, P., Bini, D., Bouillet, J.P., Robin, A., Dini Andreote, F., and  Jurandy Bran Nogueira Cardoso, E. 2017. Distribution of bacterial communities through deep soil profiles in monospecific and mixed forests of Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium in Brazil. Plos One, 12,e0180371

Bachega, L.R, Bouillet, J-P., Piccolo, M.C.,  Saint-André, L., Bouvet, J-M.,  Nouvellon, Y., Gonçalves, J.L.M.,  Robin, A., Laclau, J-P., 2016. Decomposition of Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium leaves and fine roots in tropical conditions did not meet the Home Field Advantage hypothesis. Forest Ecology and Management, 359: 33–43.

Battie-Laclau, P., Delgado-Rojas, J., Christina, M., Nouvellon, Y., Bouillet, J-P., Piccolo, M.C., Moreira, M.Z.,Gonçalves, J.L.M., Roupsard, O., Laclau, J-P., 2016. Potassium fertilization increases water-use efficiency for stem biomass production without affecting intrinsic water-use efficiency in Eucalyptus grandis plantations. Forest Ecology and Management, 364:77-89.

Christina, M., Nouvellon, Y., Laclau, J.P., Stape, J.L., Campoe, O.C, le Maire, G., 2016. Sensitivity and uncertainty analysis of the carbon and water fluxes at the tree scale in Eucalyptus plantations using a metamodeling approach. Can. J. For. Res. 46: 297–309.

Christina, M., Nouvellon, Y., Laclau, J-P., Stape, J.L., Bouillet, J-P., Lambais, G.R., le Maire, G., 2016. Importance of deep water uptake in tropical eucalypt forest. Functional Ecology, 31: 509-519.

Epron, D., Cabral, OMR, Laclau, J-P., Dannoura, M., Packer, A.P., Plain, C., Battie-Laclau, P., Moreira, M.Z., Trivelin, P.C.O., Bouillet, J-P., Gerant, D., Nouvellon, Y., 2016. In situ 13CO2 pulse labelling of field-grown eucalypt trees revealed the effects of potassium nutrition and throughfall exclusion on phloem transport of photosynthetic carbon. Tree Physiology, 36: 6–21.

Gana, C., Nouvellon, Y., Marron, N., Stape, J-L., Epron, D., 2016. Sampling and interpolation strategies derived from the analysis of continuous soil CO2 flux. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (DOI: 10.1002/jpln.201600133).

Pinheiro, R.C., MS; Deus Jr, J. C., Nouvellon, Y., Campoe, O.C., Stape, J.L.,  Alo, L.L., Guerrini, I. A., Jourdan, C., Laclau, J-P., 2016. A fast exploration of very deep soil layers by Eucalyptus seedling and clones in Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management, 366:143–152.

Pradier, C., Hinsinger, P., Laclau, J.-P., Bouillet, J.-P., Guerrini, I.A., Gonçalves, J.L.M., Asensio, V., Abreu-Junior, C.H., Jourdan, C. 2016. Rainfall reduction impacts rhizosphere biogeochemistry in in eucalypts grown in a deep Ferralsol in Brazil. Plant and Soil, DOI: 10.1007/s11104-016-3107-7.

Sette, C.R., Jr., Tomazello Fo, M., Lousada, J.L., Lopes, D., Laclau, J.P. (2016). Relationship between climate variables, trunk growth rate and wood density of Eucalyptus grandis W. Mill ex Maiden trees [Relação entre variaveis climáticas, taxa de crescimento do tronco e densidade aparente do lenho de árvores de Eucalyptus grandis W. Mill ex Maiden]. Revista Arvore, 40 (2), 337-346.

Silva, P.H.M.D., Bouillet, J.-P., de Paula, R.C. (2016). Assessing the invasive potential of commercial Eucalyptus species in Brazil: Germination and early establishment. Forest Ecology and Management, 374: 129-135.

Laclau J.P., Gay F., Bouillet J.P., Bouvet J.M., Chaix G., Clément-Demange A., Do F.C., Epron D., Favreau B., Gion J.M., Nouvellon Y., Pujade-Renaud V., Thaler P., Verhaegen D., Vigneron P., 2016. Adaptation and mitigation in tropical tree plantations. In: Torquebiau, Emmanuel (ed.), Manley, David (trad.), Cowan, Paul (trad.). Climate change and agriculture worldwide. Heibelberg : Springer, p. 197-208. 

Waldner, F., De Abelleyra, D., Verón, S.R., Zhang, M., Wu, B., Plotnikov, D., Bartalev, S., Lavreniuk, M., Skakun, S., Kussul, N., Le Maire, G., Dupuy, S., Jarvis, I. & Defourny, P. 2016 Towards a set of agrosystem-specific cropland mapping methods to address the global cropland diversity. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 37, 3196-3231.


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Battie-Laclau, P., Laclau, J.P., Domec, J.C., Christina, M., Bouillet, J.P., de Cassia Piccolo, M., Goncalves, J.L.M., Moreira, R.M., Krusche, A.V., Bouvet, J.M., Nouvellon, Y., 2014. Effects of potassium and sodium supply on drought-adaptive mechanisms in Eucalyptus grandis plantations. New Phytologist, 203, 401-413.

Bouillet J.-P., Laclau J.-P., Gonçalves J.L.M., Voigtlaender M., Gava J.L., Leite F.P., Hakamada R., Mareschal L., Mabiala A., Tardy F., Levillain J., Deleporte P., Epron D., Nouvellon Y., 2013. Eucalyptus and Acacia tree growth and stand production over a full rotation in single- and mixed-species plantations across 5 sites in Brazil and Congo. Forest Ecology and Management, 301, 89–101.

Christina, M., le Maire, G., Battie-Laclau, P., Nouvellon, N., Bouillet, J.P., Jourdan, C., Gonçalves, J.L.M., Laclau, J.P., 2014. Measured and modeled interactive effects of potassium deficiency and water deficit on gross primary productivity and light use efficiency in Eucalyptus grandis plantations. Global Change Biology, 21, 2022-2039.

da Silva E.V., Bouillet J.-P, Gonçalves J.L.M.,  Abreu Junior C.A, Trivelin P.C.O., Hinsinger P., Jourdan C., Nouvellon Y., Stape J.L., Laclau J.-P. 2011. Functional specialization of Eucalyptus fine roots: contrasting potential uptake rates for nitrogen, potassium and calcium tracers at varying soil depths. Functional Ecology, 25, 996-1006.

Forrester, D., Guisasola, R., Tang, X., Albrecht, A., Dong, T., & le Maire, G. 2014. Using a stand-level model to predict light absorption in stands with vertically and horizontally heterogeneous canopies. Forest Ecosystems, 1, 17

Laclau J.P., Araújo da Silva E, Lambais G.R., Bernoux M., le Maire G., Stape J.L., Bouillet J.-P., Gonçalves, J.L.M., Jourdan C., Nouvellon Y., 2013.  Dynamics of soil exploration by fine roots down to a depth of 10 m throughout the entire rotation in Eucalyptus grandis plantations. Frontiers in Functional Plant Ecology, 4, 243. doi:10.3389/fpls.2013.00243

Laclau J.-P., Nouvellon Y., Reine C., Gonçalves J.L.M., Krushe A.V., Jourdan C., le Maire G., Bouillet J.-P., 2013. Mixing Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium trees leads to transgressive fine root over-yielding and exclusion of the weakest competitor from resource-rich soil layers. Oecologia, 172, 903–913.

Laclau J.-P., Ranger J., Gonçalves J.L.M., Maquère V., Krushe A.V., M’Bou Thongo A., Nouvellon Y., Saint-André L., Bouillet J.P., Piccolo M.C., Deleporte P. 2010.  Biogeochemical cycles of nutrients in tropical Eucalyptus plantations. Main features shown by intensive monitoring in Congo and Brazil. Forest Ecology and Management, 259, 1771-1785.

le Maire, G., Marsden, C., Nouvellon, Y., Grinand, C, Hakamada, R., Stape, J.L., Laclau, J.P., 2011. MODIS NDVI time-series allow the monitoring of Eucalyptus plantation biomass. Remote Sensing Environment, 115, 2613-2625.

le Maire, G., Dupuy, S., Nouvellon, Y., Loos, R.A., & Hakamada, R. 2014. Mapping short-rotation plantations at regional scale using MODIS time series: Case of eucalypt plantations in Brazil. Remote Sensing of Environment, 152, 136-149

Nouvellon Y, Laclau JP, Epron D, le Maire G, Bonnefond JM, Gonçalves JLM, Bouillet J.P., 2012. Carbon allocations throughout the development of monospecific and mixed-species plantations of Eucalyptus grandis and Acacia mangium in Brazil. Tree Physiology, 32, 680-695

Paula, R.R., Bouillet, J.P., Trivelin, P.C.O., Zeller, B., Gonçalves, J.L.M., Nouvellon, N., Bouvet, J.M., Plassard, C., Laclau, J.P., 2015. Evidence of short-term belowground transfer of nitrogen from Acacia mangium to Eucalyptus grandis trees in a tropical planted forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 91, 99-108.




Educational courses

MSc et PhD "Ecological intensification of forest plantations" at University of Sao Paolo - Luiz de Queiro College of Agriculture (USP-Esalq) (120 hours tuition/tutorials)


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Tel : +55 19 3417 2123

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